Posts Tagged "lex mercatoria"

¿Que son los Principios de UNIDROIT sobre los Contratos Comerciales Internacionales?

Posted by on 17 septiembre, 2015 in Contratación Internacional | 0 comments

UnidroitLos Principios de UNIDROIT sobre los Contratos Comerciales Internacionales fueron publicados por primera vez en 1995, siendo UNIDROIT una agencia especializada de las Naciones Unidas que tiene como misión la unificación del derecho privado. De acuerdo con el preámbulo, los principios de UNIDROIT establecen reglas generales aplicables a los contratos mercantiles internacionales y son de aplicación cuando las partes del contrato hayan decidido que el mismo se rija por estos principios (autonomía de la voluntad). También serán de aplicación cuando las partes hayan acordado que su contrato se rija por principios generales del derecho, la “lex mercatoria” o expresiones semejantes.

Read More

Lex Mercatoria: Towards an autonomous international commercial law?

Posted by on 4 diciembre, 2014 in Contratación Internacional | 0 comments

I. Introduction

Since the 1960s, a fierce academic dispute is been held within the international legal community regarding an apparent rebirth of the law merchant, popularly known as lex mercatoria, in the twentieth century. Indeed, the old jus gentium lived and disappeared with the break-up of the Roman Empire and later reappeared with the rebirth of the international trade in the eleventh-century Europe . During the medieval period, the merchants developed trade usages and customs that acquired general application throughout the European merchant community being applied in the consuls and specialised merchant courts that settled disputes in trade fairs and ports . Lately some of the trade customs where codified in merchant laws, for instance the Catalan Llibre de Consulat del Mar, and were applied in merchant courts independently of national and local laws. However, although the lex mercatoria existed from the beginning of the human civilisation and was widely practised in the middle ages it has been ignored as a body of law until recently when some prestigious legal scholars started claiming the rebirth of a new lex mercatoria and its suitability for application to international commercial transactions .

Read More